Hemp 101: Terpenes

Here at Hempstead Farms, we fully believe in the power of the hemp plant to be a game-changing wellness solution for anyone in need. As a small, family-owned company, we’re proud to be your premier destination for the cleanest, highest-quality hemp products available on the current market. If you’ve been following along with our blog, we’ve been covering some crucial hemp-related topics. From cannabinoid receptors, to the endocannabinoid system, we’ve got you covered when it comes to important hemp education and information. 

With so much talk about terpenes these days, it’s easy to get confused. Keep reading as we discuss the role of terpenes within the hemp plant, how it interacts with the endocannabinoid system, and some well-known terpenes known for their beneficial potential. 

What are Terpenes? 

According to Medical News Today, the term ‘terpenes’ refers to the aromatic compounds found in many plants, although they have been more recently associated with hemp because of their abundance within the hemp plant. 

Here are some other important things we know about Terpenes: 

  • Terpenes are a large and diverse class of aromatic organic hydrocarbon compounds produced in nature. 
  • They are primarily produced by plants. 
  • Terpenes are responsible for playing a substantial role for certain plants; attracting pollinators for some, and protecting against predators for others. 
  • When it comes to our bodies and minds, terpenes have been shown to potentially provide various benefits for the human body. 
  • As plants are cut down and dried, terpenes oxidize and are therefore known as terpenoids. 
  • Terpenes may also affect the endocannabinoid system in the same way as cannabinoids, such as CBD. 
  • Terpenes form the foundations of essential oils. 
  • They are a major component in the ‘entourage effect’ – which is what happens when terpenes interact with cannabinoids and endocannabinoids for a more effective experience. 

Well-Known Terpenes Found in Abundance Within the Hemp Plant

Here are some well-known terpenes that have been shown to affect the endocannabinoid system:

  • Humulene – this ‘hoppy’ terpene is known to be effective in combating inflammation. 
  • Linalool – research has shown this minty terpene to be effective in the treatment of anxiety, inflammation, and helps with cognitive function. 
  • Caryophyllene – this spicy terpene is also known as anti-inflammatory when present within the hemp plant. 
  • Limonene – as its name suggests, this terpene has a citrus aroma and has been shown to be anti-fungal. 
  • Pinene – another terpene whose name suggests its aroma, pinene has a piney scent and is known to be anti-inflammatory. 
  • Myrcene – this ‘earthy’ terpene has been shown to be analgesic and antibiotic. 

The Entourage Effect & Terpenes

Earlier in this blog, we mentioned the ‘entourage effect’. Here are some things we know about terpenes and how they function within the entourage effect

  • Terpenes and cannabinoids are known to hit different targets within the endocannabinoid system.
  • Terpenes may also help our body to absorb cannabinoids such as CBD. 
  • Terpenes have been shown to function within the entourage effect by helping CBD regulate anxiety while amplifying the other effects of the cannabinoid. 

Why Choose Hempstead Farms CBD Products?

It’s simple: because there is absolutely no dangerous bacteria, heavy metals, or pesticides in our hemp plants sourced from the best growers in the United States, which means that what you’re getting with our products is the best it can be. 


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Always consult a physician before making any changes to your health or fitness regimen.